A structure now emerges that will appear for each canto: Dante enters and has exemplary figures shown to him, first of the virtue opposite the sin of the terrace and then second of the sin of the terrace. / No sun ray shines, it seems, toward his left! At this point, Virgil explains that all virtues and sinsâincluding the seven sins punished in Purgatoryâare manifestations of love, whether divine love in the case of virtue or distorted love in the case of sin. The next group is made up of those who only repented at the last minute, and therefore â like the excommunicate and the lethargic â are not yet permitted to enter Purgatory. An angel at the top traces seven âPâs on his forehead and opens the door with special keys. Now awake and reinvigorated, Dante climbs to the next terrace. The chariot is suddenly attacked by a number of strange creatures; suddenly a giant and a âharlotâ commandeer it, taking it even deeper into the Garden. The higher three tiers are for excessive love for worldly things, at the expense of godly concerns: Avarice, Gluttony and Lust. Across the stream, Matilda explains to him the phenomena of this earthly paradise, which is the Garden of Eden and where Creation is still in its perfect, uncorrupted form. Every soul that attains perfection and is ready to enter Paradise is a cause for cosmic celebration â so Statiusâs redemption is what caused the mountain to tremble at the end of the previous Canto. Dante and Virgil are joined on the road by Statius, a Roman poet. After a long and difficult climb, they arrive at a ledge. With Nia Peeples, Jeff Conaway, Eve Mauro, Hélène Cardona. We begin with an overview of Dante's idea of Purgatory, before working through the text canto by canto, and then considering some of the major themes in the text. He also talks to a man called Conrad Malaspina. Dante holds onto Virgil and the two of them make their way through the pitch blackness. The penitents are singing the Lordâs Prayer as they crawl along, weighed down by boulders that press their faces into the ground. Burned by the heavens, he awakes and finds himself at the gate of Purgatory. The most vivid story is told by Buonconte Montefeltro, son of Guido da Montefeltro (Inferno XXVII): his body was never found after his army was defeated at the Battle of Campaldino in 1289. Summary Now that she has sung the praises of the Earthly Paradise, Matelda goes her way, still singing. Dante compares Beatrice’s transformed face to Mary ’s, and she speaks to the ladies in Latin, arranges them before her, and calls on Dante. The Emperors are failing to fulfil their obligations to Italy, and the Popes have seized earthly power, with disastrous consequences. Moving on, Dante and Virgil hear a classical and a Biblical example of the envious brought low. Here the penitents lie face-down, prostrate and weeping. While there is a tree laden with fruit on the terrace, they are unable to eat it. '—a finger pointing long—'The one behind! Their punishment is to be forced to sprint constantly around the circular terrace, shouting examples of zeal and sloth. Dante looks into the Eternal Light, and sees within it the image of the Holy Trinity. On the Second Terrace, Envy is purged. Virgil prays to the sun, asking for guidance, and after a mile of walking, a voice flies by, saying “Vinum non habent” (Latin for "they do not have wine").Another says “I am Orestes.” This is the terrace of the wrathful, where smoke chokes the penitents. Dante dreams of Leah and Rachel, and when he wakes, Virgil says his final words to Dante, assuring him his will has been corrected. Most ostensibly, each terrace features a contrapasso punishment associated with one of the seven capital sins. The poem was written in the early 14th century. A group of souls, looking like a wandering flock of lost sheep, slowly draws near, and Dante approaches them to ask for advice on the best way to proceed. Guido del Duca, a nobleman from Romagna, is keen to talk to Dante. The Lustful spirits within the fire cry out examples of chastity. Leading them to a place where they can sleep, Sordello takes the travellers to a beautiful valley where the Negligent Rulers are gathered: kings whose earthly ambitions got in the way of their focus on God. The lower three tiers are for those who loved themselves at the expense of their neighbours â Pride, Envy and Wrathfulness. Sordello surprises Virgil by saying that they will need to rest for the night, as it is useless to try to ascend without the light of the sun, which represents God. Summary. Dante learns this from a spirit who turns out to be Hugh Capet, founder of the French royal line. Dante falls asleep, and when he wakes up Beatrice tells him to watch what happens next and write about it when he returns to his earthly life. He cannot remember how he wandered away from his true path that he should be following, but he is in a fearful place, impenetrable and wild. Here, Virgil is no longer the guide: he has never been here before, and is now simply a wise travelling companion. In The Divine Comedy, Dante travels first through Hell (the poem Inferno), then through Purgatory (the poem Purgatorio), and finally through Heaven (the poem Paradiso). Dante wants to understand whether intercession works; Virgil assures him that it does, but says he will have to wait for Beatrice to explain it properly. Purgatorio is the second of three poems that make up The Divine Comedy by Florentine statesman, poet, and philosopher Dante. Dante is almost speechless; he breaks down in tears. Dante promises to do so and continues his ascent. This explains the reason and the means for purgation of the sins of the flesh. Cato orders that Dante be taken to the sea, washed, and have a reed wrapped around him. This terrace is of the slothful, who are insufficiently zealous in following the love of God. Their punishment is to lie on the floor, face down, with their hands and feet bound together. Dante follows her from his own side of the riverbank; she beckons him to be still and watch what is about to happen. In this book, he announces, he will describe "that second realm / where some human spirits purge themselves from stain" in preparation for the eternal joy of Heaven. As Virgil and Dante leave this terrace of Purgatory, they notice carvings that look like gravestones, bearing images of the exemplars of Pride. Arthur Goldhammer for U. of Chicago Press, 1984), Purgatory as a concept was, in Dante’s time, of much more recent vintage than Hell or Paradise, both of which have ancient origins. In Purgatorio there is more time to think about political problems like this, and political and religious discussions become more common â especially now Dante has seen what is at stake for people who go astray from God. As he and Virgil wonder how to begin the ascent of the sheer mountain of Purgatory, they spot a group of souls and ask for directions. After Dante has seen the exemplars of wrath, the soon-to-set sun peeks through the smoke, and Dante is shown to the next terrace. Dante and Vergil enter the terrace of the Avaricious and Prodigal. He has just completed his penance, and drawn his desires into alignment with his fundamental will to be reunited with God. As dawn rises, a set of newly departed souls appears at the shore. Her name, we later learn, is Matilda. This confusion will continue throughout the poem, as the dead wonder how someone with a body has been able to enter the afterlife. Purgatorio Cantos 10-12 Summary & Analysis. Statius happens to talk about how inspired he was by Virgil, and is delighted to discover that he is talking to his great hero. Thinking about the Envious, Dante asks Virgil about love, grace and deliverance. They reach the Third Terrace, for the Wrathful. It’s now sunrise, and Virgil and Dante walk along the shore. Much of the Purgatorio is concerned with the theme of penitence; the name Purgatory itself comes from the term for cleansing ("purgation").Dante works to develop a complex representation of the concept that goes beyond (while still including) the concept of mere punishment. On the top of the mountain was the Garden of Eden, and the second part of Dante’s journey is all about his experiences climbing the mountain. As the two travellers hurry on, a black smoke appears and envelops them. This underpins the entire order of Purgatoryâs terraces. Dante had been fighting on the other side in this battle, and he listens with interest to the story of Buonconteâs ultimate fate, narrowly escaping Hell by his last-minute penitence. She scolds him for falling into spiritual difficulties since her death. Dante reminds us that Stazio is still present for the last time in Purgatorio 33.134; since Dante-pilgrim’s experience is unique, Stazio serves as a very important marker for what a “regular” saved soul would do in Eden. One of them is Casella, a friend of Danteâs, and Dante tries to embrace him but cannot because â unlike the souls in Hell â his body is insubstantial. Dante is exhausted, so he and Virgil pause to assess how to proceed. Dante ascends the three steps to the entrance of the mountain, each with its own special significance. Dante, writing in the early 1300s, understood that the world was a globe. To ascend to the Garden of Eden, Dante must walk through the flame; he resists at first, but reminded of Beatrice by Virgil, he hardens his will and walks through, experiencing pain but unharmed. The poets follow Matilda along the banks of the river, until they come to the spectacle of a pageant representing Christianity in all the splendour of its revelation. Its seeds blow on the winds to germinate across the world. The souls the two poets encounter begin to notice and be amazed by Danteâs shadow. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Divine Comedy: Purgatorio by Dante Alighieri. The final terrace is that of the lustful, who constantly burn in a roaring flame. Dante descends to Hell on Good Friday and emerges on the morning of Easter Sunday, having travelled with Virgil through the centre of the earth. Dante thinks Italy desperately needs the return of an Emperor. When the two poets come to the shore and follow his directions, the reed they pluck miraculously rejuvenates. Purgatorio is the second part of Dante's Divine Comedy, following the Inferno and preceding the Paradiso. Beyond the ledge is a void. Read the Study Guide for Divine Comedy: Purgatorio…, Distraction and the Afterlife in Dante's Divine Comedy, Dante: Love and Goodness as Guidance to Self-improvement, View our essays for Divine Comedy: Purgatorio…, View Wikipedia Entries for Divine Comedy: Purgatorio…. (Not going to lie: Dante's trilogy of wacky afterworld adventures is a bit like the Hangover trilogy... the first one is definitely the most surprising and shocking. Night falls and, unable to go further, they sleep on the steps. Shaken, Dante wakes up and goes with Virgil up past another angel to the Fifth Terrace, where Avarice is purged. Their eyes have been sewn shut with metal wire. A Pope, Adrian V, speaks to Dante. Dante enters the Garden; he follows a woman, who we will learn is named Matelda, through the Garden. Further along the ledge, they discover a group of indolent souls, who were too slothful in life to be granted access onto the terraces of Purgatory until they have waited an appropriate length of time. Dante talks with Forese, whose sister Piccarda is already in Heaven and whose brother, the faction leader Corso Donati, will soon be on his way to Hell. In Dante’s theology, the Earth is at the centre of the Universe, surrounded by a series of heavenly spheres like the layers of an onion. Purgatory is a place built upon hope: the souls are assured of a place in Heaven someday and they understand the error of their ways, so they submit willingly and joyfully to the torments that will cure their souls. The Gluttons speed ahead, and Dante, Virgil and Statius pass a second tree, where a voice cites examples of people undone by gluttony. Soon night falls, and Dante and Virgil fall immediately into sleep. These first three lines of the Purgatorio establish a number of the motifs and connections that will be developed throughout the book. On the ground beneath their feet, Virgil and Dante gaze at a series of powerful images of pride being brought low in classical and Biblical tradition. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “The Divine Comedy” by Dante Alighieri. Directed by Boris Acosta. A radiant light shines out, and Dante interrupts his narrative to entreat the Muses for help in describing what follows. He tells the story of how an apparent prophecy about Christ in Virgilâs Eclogues was what inspired him to investigate Christianity, eventually joining the young religion. She needs him to truly repent of all the ways in which he went wrong, and Dante feels intensely conscious of his faults and starts weeping. The next morning they climb to the top of the stairs, and Virgil announces that his role as Danteâs guide is over. Divine Comedy: Purgatorio essays are academic essays for citation. Dante and Casella are joyfully reunited, and Virgil, Dante and the souls listen to a beautiful song sung by Casella â until Cato rebukes them for dawdling and they all hurry towards the mountain of Purgatory. Watson, Robert. Another dazzling angel removes a sixth P from Danteâs forehead and sends him up to the final terrace. The King of France, Philip IV, is hated by Dante and will soon install his own Pope in Rome; Philipâs brother Charles will in a couple of years be responsible for Danteâs exile from Florence. However, his outward show of paganism meant that he spent a long time on the Terrace of Slothfulness. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. As they are about to leave the terrace, an earthquake shakes the mountain. Dante and Virgil arrive at the mountain’s base. Purgatorio Summary Purgatorio picks up right where Inferno left off—Dante and Virgil have just emerged from their tour through Hell. Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. Then Dante is sent forward, and he and Virgil cross the threshold into Purgatory. He invokes the Muses, specifically Calliope. The Divine Comedy Summary. An angel tells Dante that he must pass through the flames to continue. Dante and Virgil exit Hell into Purgatory, a place set up on a mountain of seven terraces, one for each type of sinners. Divine Comedy: Purgatorio Summary The Purgatorio begins just as Dante and Virgil, the famous Latin poet who serves as Dante's guide, have escaped Hell. Soon they come across a person named Sordello, who guides the poets through the aptly named Valley of Princes, which contains the souls of repentant kings and emperors. After a final purgatorial address to us, the readers, the cantica concludes with verses that describe Dante … Purgatorio 6 is the canto of Italy, as Inferno 6 is the canto of Florence and Paradiso 6 is the canto of Empire.But this symmetry should not delude us: the concept of “Italy” is much murkier to Dante and his contemporaries—and much further from the modern concept—than that of … At this point, he invokes the muses. Hugh Capet is disgusted by the evils of his descendants, who are enemies of both the Papacy and the Empire. They encounter Cato, a noble figure who serves as a sort of gatekeeper for the threshold of Purgatory. From the midst of the pageant, Beatrice emerges with her face veiled. Perceiving that he has a shadow, the souls in the fire are amazed. All the souls on these lower slopes keep begging Dante to remind their living relatives to pray for them, as this intercession will speed their entry into Purgatory. Dante announces that he will now take as his topic âthe second kingdom.â This is where âthe soul of man is cleansed,â the mountain of Purgatory. Virgil and Dante climb up to the First Terrace, where Pride is to be purged. As if he is a celebrity, the souls crowd Dante, begging that he tell their living relatives to pray for them. Thus fortified, Dante is ready to be shown the answers to all the holy mysteries. Then he talks about poetry with Bonagiunta, who asks him for the secret of his âdolce stil novo,â the sweet new style of Dante and the generation of poets he identifies with. Soon, Cato returns and scolds the enthralled souls for lingering—it’s time for everyone to get on with their journey. This is as much as Virgilâs reason can tell Dante; the rest concerns faith and grace, so Dante must wait for Beatrice. 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