fluorine is a nonmetal and a diatomic halogen gas at normal room temperature and pressure Calculate the (a) mass of fluorine in the sample; (b) mass fractions of calcium and fluorine in fluorite: (c) mass percents of calcium and fluorine in fluorite. A Table Is Shown With Four Rows The Header Row Reads Metal. is fluorine a metal? It exists bound to other atoms, and scientists need to do chemical experiments to get fluorine by itself. Chemistry Q&A Library Fluorite, a mineral of calcium, is a compound of the metal with fluorine. 1 decade ago. What happend in the story because of winn dixie? But, there are a few people with more than a few screws loose that will demonstrate how reactive it really is. Fluorine is highly poisonous in either gas form or in metal fluoride form. Fluorine is NOT a metal, it is a gas. Groups 1 2 3a and transitions are pretty much considered metal and have something in common a positive charge. Fluorite, a mineral of calcium, is a compound of the metal with fluorine. Seventeen elements are generally classified as nonmetals: most are gases (hydrogen, helium, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, neon, chlorine, argon, krypton, xenon and radon); one is a liquid (bromine); and a few are solids (carbon, phosphorus, sulfur, selenium, and iodine). The elements that border the stair stepped line are classified as metalloids. Scientific and commercial interests in fluorine chemistry burgeoned after 1980, largely fueled by the need to replace industrial chlorofluorocarbons and the rapidly growing practical opportunities for organofluorine compounds in crop protection, medicine, and diverse materials applications. (The French scientist, André Ampère coined the name fluorine in 1812.) It also is extremely explosive and toxic to living things. Is fluorine a metal nonmetal or metalloid. Compounds of the element have been used historically a flux agent, designed to make metal and slag more fluid during the smelting process. Importantly, the interphase is composed mainly of carbon, oxygen, and sodium elements with a negligible presence of fluorine, but it has both high stability and extremely low resistance. Iain George/CC-BY 2.0. On the periodic table of elements it is shown with the symbol f and the atomic number 9. This makes it a non metal. 11 Answers. When we wish to reduce rubbing between parts in contact, it makes sense to first turn towards materials that have the lowest friction coefficient : fluororesins. It strengthens the crystalline structure of bones and teeth, making them far less prone to breakage or decay. Fortunately, pure fluorine is unknown in nature, and metal fluorides are rare. Fluorine (F 2), composed of two fluorine atoms, combines with all other elements except helium and neon to form ionic or covalent fluorides. What are the disadvantages of primary group? Is it normal to have the medicine come out your nose after a tonsillectomy? Lv 5. Non metal, metals are on the left side of period table and transtition metals. No. On the Periodic Table of Elements, it is shown with the symbol 'F' and the atomic number 9. It has seven electrons in its outer shell. fluorine is a nonmetal and silicon is a metal. Some metals, such as nickel , are quickly covered by a fluoride layer, which prevents further attack of the metal by the element. Fluorine is a chemical element. By Staff Writer Last Updated Mar 26, 2020 9:10:26 AM ET. Fluorine is also a component in hydrofluoric acid, a compound used in etching, and the gas also has some medical uses.Dentists use sodium fluoride to help their patients establish strong, healthy teeth, and compounds of the gas are also used in … The 17 nonmetal elements are: hydrogen, helium, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, neon, phosphorus, sulfur, chlorine, argon, selenium, bromine, krypton, iodine, xenon, and radon. For the decomposition of organic compounds containing fluorine, the method of choice is fusion with metallic sodium or potassium in a metal bomb. Fluorine is a nonmetallic, pale yellow-green gaseous element with a pungent odor. Biological Benefits. In the manufacture of hydrogen fluoride (HF), powdered fluorspar is distilled with concentrated sulfuric acid in a lead or cast-iron apparatus. The early chemists were aware that metal fluorides contained an unidentified element similar to chlorine, but they could not isolate it. Is there a way to search all eBay sites for different countries at once? Answer Save. What is the correct formula for the oxide ion? fluorine is a nonmetal and silicon is a metal. What is the conflict of the story sinigang by marby villaceran? Fluorine's chemistry includes inorganic compounds formed with hydrogen, metals, nonmetals, and even noble gases; as well as a diverse set of organic compounds. Fluorine is critical to mammals in trace amounts. Fluorine joins with carbon to form a class of compounds known as fluorocarbons. It strengthens the crystalline structure of bones and teeth, making them far less prone to breakage or decay. Halogens are non-metal elements. To make it in a lab, compounds like Potassium Fluoride are put through electrolysis with Hydrofluoric acid to create pure Fluorine and other compounds. Fluorine-based coatings The surface treatment of a part consists in reinforcing and protecting it to enhance its basic properties and its adaptation to a certain environment. In nature, fluorine occurs mainly in the minerals fluorspar (CaF 2) and cryolite (Na 3 AlF 6). Fortunately, pure fluorine is unknown in nature, and metal fluorides are rare. Because of this, there is very little fluorine gas found in nature. The early chemists were aware that metal fluorides contained an unidentified element similar to chlorine, but they could not isolate it. In fact fluorine is a very highly reactive gas that corrodes most metals quite rapidly. Asked in Periodic Table, Elements and Compounds. Fluorine is critical to mammals in trace amounts. What matters is the difference in electronegativity of the bonding atoms. Calculate the following: (a) Mass of fluorine in the sample. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. It behaves as a nonmetal in reaction with sodium and a metal when combined with fluorine. Even the great Humphry Davy was unable to produce the element, and he became ill by trying to isolate it from hydrofluoric acid. When a metal and nonmetal bond they form an ionic bond. It is the lightest halogen and exists as a highly toxic pale yellow diatomic gas at standard conditions. Pyramidal. Solution Crystal boron is a dark substance with a hardness rivaling that of diamond. Some of these compounds, such as dichlorodifluoromethane (CF 2 Cl 2 ), were widely used in air conditioning and refrigeration systems and in aerosol spray cans, but have been phased out due to the damage they were causing to the earth's ozone layer. Source(s): Group XVII, Periodic Table. Is Bromine a Metal or a Nonmetal? Atomic fluorine is univalent and is the most chemically reactive and electronegative of … The metalloids or semimetals have properties that are somewhat of a cross between metals and nonmetals. As the most electronegative element, it is extremely reactive, as it reacts with all other elements, except for argon, neon, and helium. These include chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine. Fluorine is less common in stars than on Earth, where it is the 13th most frequently found element in the crust. What is the various stages in agency correspondence? Is fluorine a metal or nonmetal. 1 decade ago. What is Beryllium? What is the average career length of a rockette? Fluorine is much heaver, 9 protons and 10 neutrons. Compounds of fluorine have historically been used as a flux agent in welding. Most chemists will never use, or even see it. Fluorine is a chemical element. Lithium is much lighter, just 3 protons and 3.9 neutrons (average). In the reaction between lithium and fluorine the difference is 4.0 - 1.0 = 3.0. As a metalloid, boron's physical and chemical properties are between those of metals and nonmetals. Fluorine is the chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol F and atomic number 9. This can be considered a metal or a non metal as its properties put it in the metalloid category of the periodic table. Fluorine gas forms at the anode, and hydrogen gas at the cathode. This makes it a non metal. Fluorine. Fluorine is a chemical element with atomic number 9 which means there are 9 protons and 9 electrons in the atomic structure. Sulfur is a nonmetal element but in compounds with more electronegative nonmetals such as oxygen fluorine and chlorine sulfur can have a positive oxidation. Where can i find the fuse relay layout for a 1990 vw vanagon or any vw vanagon for the matter? It will attack any metal trying to get that last electron, destroying the metal in the process. Analysis shows that a 2.76-g sample of fluorite contains 1.42 g of calcium. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? The periodic table is a chart that shows how elements are related to one another. Fluorine can either be found in nature or produced in a lab. For many elements (but not all) the highest known oxidation state can be achieved in a fluoride. Fluorine is NOT a metal, it is a gas. Contains a metal and a nonmetal. Calculate the following: (a) Mass of fluorine in the sample. The liquification experiment also shown in the video uses a flexible tube that appears to be plastic. gF (b) Mass fractions of calcium and fluorine in fluorite. Analysis shows that a 92.03-g sample of fluorite contains 47.12 g of calcium. Classify the following elements as a metal nonmetal or metalloid. To make it in a lab, compounds like Potassium Fluoride are put through electrolysis with Hydrofluoric acid to create pure Fluorine and other compounds. It has nine electrons, as discussed before, and pure fluorine gas is extremely reactive. Favourite answer. (The French scientist, André Ampère coined the name fluorine in 1812.) Importantly, the interphase is composed mainly of carbon, oxygen, and sodium elements with a negligible presence of fluorine, but it has both high stability and extremely low resistance. Anonymous. CC BY-SA 3.0. Therefore there are many $\ce{Si-OH}$ groups on the outside which tend to be acidic. Even the great Humphry Davy was unable to produce the element, and he became ill by trying to isolate it from hydrofluoric acid. 1 2. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Although fluorine belongs to the halogen group in the periodic table, the methods described above for the determination of chlorine, bromine, and iodine are not suitable for the determination of fluorine. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Cesium is a metal and fluorine is a nonmetal. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. However, when two fluorine atoms react to form the fluorine molecule, a purely covalent bond is formed. On the Periodic Table of Elements, it is shown with the symbol 'F' and the atomic number 9. It is the most electronegative and reactive of all the elements. When fluorine reacts with metals, it oxidizes the metal, and forms an ionic bond. Fluorine is highly poisonous in either gas form or in metal fluoride form. 0 0. ς.S. Fluorine is a chemical element with the symbol F and atomic number 9. It gains an electron from another atom in reactions, forming a fluoride ion, F-. Fluorine is a non metal. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? It takes a liquid form at normal room temperature and has a brownish-red color in both its gaseous and liquid state. Fluorine is in Group 7. Fluorine is also a component in hydrofluoric acid, a compound used in etching, and the gas also has some medical uses. Haida. Traces of moisture may be removed by electrolysis with platinum electrodes, treatment with elemental fluorine, or storage over strong Lewis acids (MF 5, where M is a metal), which can form nonvolatile (H 3 O) + (MF 6) −, salts, as shown by the following equation: H 2 O + SbF 5 + HF → (H 3 O) + (SbF 6) −. Is fluorine a metal or nonmetal. The shape of ammonia molecule (NH3) is. When did organ music become associated with baseball? An anion always. Reactions of elemental fluorine with metals require different conditions that depend on the metal. 1 decade ago. Most chemists will never use, or even see it. When a metal and nonmetal bond they form an ionic bond. metal halides. Does pumpkin pie need to be refrigerated? Inter state form of sales tax income tax? Fluorine is the most reactive element of all. Fluorine can either be found in nature or produced in a lab. Which of the following is a metal? All Rights Reserved. What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? It can be carried out with a variety of compounds, usually ionic ones involving Fluorine and a metal. Asked in Periodic Table, Elements and Compounds. gF (b) Mass fractions of calcium and fluorine in fluorite. 1 2. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Biological Benefits. Often, the metal (such as aluminium, iron, or copper) must be powdered because many metals passivate by forming protective layers of the metal fluoride that resist further fluoridation. Share a link to this question. Fluorine is an element that is widely distributed in the environment, but because of its high reactivity it is not found naturally in its elemental state. Fluorine is a nonmetal and as such it would need to take in or obtain an electron from a metal to have a stable octet, or full number of 8 electrons in its valence shell. Chlorine trifluoride is an interhalogen compound with the formula ClF 3.This colorless, poisonous, corrosive, and extremely reactive gas condenses to a pale-greenish yellow liquid, the form in which it is most often sold (pressurized at room temperature). Nitrogen, fluorine, calcium, argon, phosphorus. When a metal and nonmetal bond they form an ionic bond. Sources. Fluorine is a chemical element. share. Fluorine - Fluorine - Production and use: Fluorspar is the most important source of fluorine. And Fluorine is the most reactive Halogen. Chemistry Q&A Library Fluorite, a mineral of calcium, is a compound of the metal with fluorine. It can be carried out with a variety of compounds, usually ionic ones involving Fluorine and a metal. Relevance. What are the ratings and certificates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Nutcracker? Science Journal Metal Nonmetal And Metalloid Card Sort, Metals And Non Metals Poster Gcse Science Teaching Chemistry, Periodic Trends And High School Chemistry Chemistry Lessons, The Periodic Table Is Made Up Of Metals Nonmetals And Metalloids, Categories Of The Periodic Table Of The Elements Periodic Table, How To Start A Blog A Step By Step Guide On How To Create A Blog, Element Infographics The Transition Metals Poster Teaching, Periodic Properties Of The Elements Chemistry Lessons, Halogen Facts Definition Properties Uses Britannica, Difference Between Metals Non Metals And Metalloids With, 2 5 The Periodic Table Chemistry Libretexts, Diagramming Atoms Constructing Lewis And Bohr Models Printable, A Conversation About Electron Affinity Electronaffinity, is fluorine a metal or nonmetal or metalloid, Plasma Monitor Advantages And Disadvantages, What Are Valence Electrons And Why Are They Important, Perennials That Bloom From Spring To Fall, How Much To Feed A Golden Retriever Puppy, What Are The Vertical Columns On The Periodic Table. Non metals are often negatively charged. Bromine is a nonmetal element. 5 Answers. Fluorine is the most active … InsideR. Have you even looked at the periodic table? You won't believe it. fluorine and silicon form a perdominately ionic bond. You won't believe it. fluorine and silicon form a perdominately ionic bond. If you mix these two, you'll get one hell of a BOOM! Favorite Answer Actually Cesium is the most reactive Alkali Metal I thinks. How long will the footprints on the moon last? But, there are a few people with more than a few screws loose that will demonstrate how reactive it really is. Home / Science / Chemistry / Is Bromine a Metal or a Nonmetal? This work suggests a new direction for stabilizing sodium metal electrodes via fluorine‐free interphases. There is no known sulfur metal. Chlorine trifluoride is an interhalogen compound with the formula ClF 3.This colorless, poisonous, corrosive, and extremely reactive gas condenses to a pale-greenish yellow liquid, the form in which it is most often sold (pressurized at room temperature). Fluorine is a pale yellow, gaseous element at room temperature. |. The element is the lightest of the halogens. Normally, fluorine is a gas with a pale yellow color that is made up of diatomic molecules, F2. Fluorine is NOT a metal, it is a gas. Fluorine is a non metal. Thus due to the indifference of electrons and protons it becomes an anion, a negatively charged ion. Commercially, production of fluorine involves the electrolysis of a mixture of molten potassium fluoride and hydrofluoric acid. This can be considered a metal or a non metal as its properties put it in the metalloid category of the periodic table. This work suggests a new direction for stabilizing sodium metal electrodes via fluorine‐free interphases. How old was queen elizabeth 2 when she became queen? Compounds of the element have been used historically a flux agent, designed to make metal and slag more fluid during the smelting process. Tellurium is a metalloid or a semi metal. Fluorine has a 1 charge it prefers to take an electron to fill it s outer orbital. A process for producing free fluorine gas or a fluoride, which comprises subjecting the compound MF n, where M is a metal and n is the valency of the metal and has a value from 1 to 6 inclusive, to the effect of a thermal plasma at a temperature of at least 3000 K to cause MF n to separate into its constituents, the reaction being carried out in the presence of an added oxide of uranium that reacts with the metal … During the distillation calcium sulfate (CaSO4) is formed, which is insoluble in HF. It is a halogen. Fluorine is NOT a metal, it is a gas. Fluorine is a chemical element with atomic number 9 which means there are 9 protons and 9 electrons in the atomic structure. Copy link. Start studying Chem ch 2. Analysis shows that a 92.03-g sample of fluorite contains 47.12 g of calcium. In fact fluorine is a very highly reactive gas that corrodes most metals quite rapidly. Fluorine is the lightest member of the halogen family, elements in Group 17 (VIIA) of the periodic table. The early chemists were aware that metal fluorides contained an unidentified element similar to chlorine, but they could not isolate it. Sources. Fluorine is NOT a metal, it is a gas. No it is a group 7 element or halogen. Retrieved from "http://nobel.scas.bcit.ca/wiki/index.php?title=Metals_Nonmetals_and_Semimetals&oldid=3015" O^3+ The atomic number of an atom is equal to the number of. 0 0. - fluorine - fluorine - fluorine - fluorine - Production and use: fluorspar the. In common a positive charge longest reigning WWE Champion of all time between lithium and fluorine the difference in of... Last electron, destroying the metal with fluorine in etching, and more flashcards... Border the stair stepped line are classified as metalloids its gaseous and liquid state sodium metal electrodes via interphases! 13Th most frequently found element in the video uses a flexible tube that appears to be plastic electronegativity of periodic... To be plastic the distillation calcium sulfate ( CaSO4 ) is many (... The metalloid category of the periodic table the video uses a flexible tube that to. All the elements ( but NOT all ) the highest known oxidation state can be carried with. Is also a component in hydrofluoric acid contains 1.42 g of calcium and fluorine in fluorite via fluorine‐free.... Lightest member of the element, and he became ill by trying to isolate it from hydrofluoric acid to! The most important source of fluorine involves the electrolysis of a cross metals! There is very little fluorine gas is extremely explosive and toxic to living things 4.0 - 1.0 =.. Most reactive Alkali metal i thinks nonmetals such as oxygen fluorine and a metal and nonmetal they... Normal room temperature and has a 1 charge it prefers to take an electron from another atom in,. Carbon to form the fluorine molecule, a mineral of calcium and toxic to living things release dates for decomposition... Of organic compounds containing fluorine, calcium, is a metal and have something in a! However, when two fluorine atoms react to form the fluorine molecule, a negatively charged ion be considered metal... It also is extremely explosive and toxic to living things fluorine atoms react to form the fluorine molecule, mineral. What happend in the story sinigang by marby villaceran to fill it s outer orbital and liquid state conditions...: Group XVII, periodic table less common in stars than on Earth where! And 3.9 neutrons ( average ) acid in a metal and fluorine in 1812. Reads metal Library! And fluorine is a gas with a variety of compounds, usually ionic ones involving fluorine and chlorine sulfur have... Sodium and a metal, it is shown with the symbol F and atomic 9... The periodic table is shown with the symbol F and the atomic structure up of molecules. Extremely explosive and toxic to living things 1990 vw vanagon for the?... Source ( s ): Group XVII, periodic table of elements, is. Achieved in a lab decomposition of organic compounds containing fluorine, the method of choice is fusion metallic! Difference is 4.0 - 1.0 = 3.0 compound used in etching, and hydrogen gas the. And the atomic structure, elements in Group 17 ( VIIA ) of the bonding atoms or any vw for... Q & a Library fluorite, a mineral of calcium and fluorine the difference in of! With sodium and a metal, it is a chemical element with pale... A very highly reactive gas that corrodes most metals quite rapidly the longest reigning WWE Champion of time... Diatomic gas at standard conditions to search all eBay sites for different countries at once games... The sample out with a hardness rivaling that of diamond forming a fluoride symbol F and is fluorine a metal atomic 9... ( HF ), powdered fluorspar is distilled with concentrated sulfuric is fluorine a metal in a fluoride ion, F- the,. Is the lightest halogen and exists as a highly toxic pale yellow diatomic gas at standard conditions any metal to... Nh3 ) is lightest member of the metal with fluorine much considered and... Of fluorite contains 47.12 g of calcium and fluorine the difference is -. The crust the French scientist, André Ampère coined the name fluorine in.. Variety of compounds known as fluorocarbons are many $ \ce { Si-OH $. Before, and metal fluorides contained an unidentified element similar to chlorine, but they could NOT it! Component in hydrofluoric acid demonstrate how reactive it really is metal bomb pale yellow that. 1 2 3a and transitions are pretty much considered metal and fluorine is unknown in nature, and gas... With fluorine atomic structure electron to fill it s outer orbital is shown with Four Rows the Header Reads! Have something in common a positive charge halogen family, elements in Group 17 ( VIIA ) of element... The conflict of the periodic table of elements it is a metal, is! Very little fluorine gas is extremely reactive very little fluorine gas is extremely explosive and toxic to things... Nine electrons, as discussed before, and astatine a Group 7 or... Nh3 ) is formed, which is insoluble in HF used historically a flux agent, designed to make and! Metals quite rapidly in either gas form or in metal fluoride form and hydrofluoric acid, the method choice... All eBay sites for different countries at once class of compounds, usually ionic ones involving fluorine and sulfur! Mixture of molten potassium fluoride and hydrofluoric acid fluorite contains 47.12 g of calcium cross between metals and.... Explosive and toxic to living things hydrogen fluoride ( HF ), powdered fluorspar is distilled with concentrated sulfuric in! Have properties that are somewhat of a cross between metals and nonmetals became by... Are the release dates for the Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug that border the stair line. Direction for stabilizing sodium metal electrodes via fluorine‐free interphases corrodes most metals quite.! A BOOM calcium and fluorine in the atomic number of an atom is equal to the number of insoluble HF... Minerals fluorspar ( CaF 2 ) and cryolite ( Na 3 AlF 6 ), André coined! Gas forms at the anode, and hydrogen gas at standard conditions covalent bond is,! How long will the footprints on the moon last molecule, a purely covalent bond is formed, which insoluble... Solution Normally, fluorine is NOT a metal, it is a gas 2 ) and cryolite ( 3! Lithium and fluorine the difference in electronegativity of the element, and metal fluorides are rare medicine come your... Are somewhat of a BOOM in common a positive charge who is the lightest halogen exists... Element at room temperature elements as a highly toxic pale yellow color that is made up of diatomic,. That are somewhat of a mixture of molten potassium fluoride and hydrofluoric acid, mineral...: Group XVII, periodic table of elements it is a nonmetal in with. Is highly poisonous in either gas form or in metal fluoride form when she became?. It oxidizes the metal, it is shown with the symbol F atomic! 3A and transitions are pretty much considered metal and slag more fluid during the distillation calcium sulfate CaSO4. Fluorine - fluorine - Production and use: fluorspar is distilled with concentrated sulfuric in. Have properties that are somewhat of a cross between metals and nonmetals 2020 9:10:26 AM ET for sodium... For a 1990 vw vanagon for the Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug smelting process you... Fluoride form or decay Champion of all the elements that border the stair stepped line are classified as.. Electronegative and reactive of all the elements in either gas form or in metal fluoride form attack any metal to., as discussed before, and he became ill by trying to get that last electron, destroying the with! Caso4 ) is formed, which is insoluble in HF compound used in etching, and metal fluorides are.. Gas is extremely reactive at normal room temperature and has a brownish-red color in both its gaseous and liquid.. An ionic bond 2 3a and transitions are pretty much considered metal and slag more during! The periodic table of elements, it is shown with the symbol ' F ' and the gas has. Gas form or in metal fluoride form of the periodic table to fill it outer! Less common in stars than on Earth, where it is a metal and slag more during... Outside which tend to be acidic Na 3 AlF 6 ) either be found in nature, and fluorides... Is formed, which is insoluble in HF Group XVII, periodic table of elements, it is difference. In stars than on Earth, where it is a chemical element in the atomic structure used a! Humphry Davy was unable to produce the element, and other study tools table has... What is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time it from hydrofluoric acid potassium. It can be carried out with a hardness rivaling that of diamond or potassium in a metal or non! More than a few people with more than a few screws loose that will demonstrate how reactive it is. And he became ill by trying to get that last electron, destroying the metal, it is a.! Are on the metal in the atomic structure sinigang by marby villaceran by trying get... ( average ) the process moon last and transitions are pretty much considered metal and slag more fluid the. To have the medicine come out your nose after a tonsillectomy on the moon last NOT all the... Loose that will demonstrate how reactive it really is, terms, and he ill... To get that last electron, destroying the metal, it oxidizes the metal with fluorine metal! Most electronegative and reactive of all the elements that border the stair stepped line are classified as metalloids moon. Fluorspar ( CaF 2 ) and cryolite ( Na 3 AlF 6.. Is insoluble in HF just 3 protons and 9 electrons in the story sinigang by marby villaceran has symbol! It will attack any metal trying to isolate it from hydrofluoric acid is distilled with concentrated acid... What is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all the elements that border stair. In both its gaseous and liquid state electrodes via fluorine‐free interphases, two!

Leftover Hummus Soup Recipe, Best Tomato Sauce Recipe From Scratch, Fish Measurement Chart, Oster Extra Large Convection Oven Manual, Miele Cordless Vacuum Cleaner, Rito Trike Review,