First, for the past 23 years we have been using data from several NASA satellites to constantly measure sea surface height around the globe. Current news and data streams about global warming and climate change from NASA. For ground-based geodetic stations like SLR and DORIS, the exact position of the station must be known. Portal image: Photo of an Antarctic ice shelf. Clearly, sea level rise is something that is already affecting people and will continue to do so. Mini Lesson Sea Level Rise. Explore More Climate Change Lessons and Activities from JPL Education – These standards-aligned lessons feature NASA missions and science and explore the changes happening on Earth, from sea-level rise to global warming. What is sea-level rise and how does it affect us? Since 1992, seas around the world have risen an average of nearly 3 inches. NASA-led study brought together more than 60 experts to make predictions Sea Surface Height. Thermal expansion of water - Consider that our oceans absorb over 90 percent of the heat trapped by greenhouse gasses in Earth’s atmosphere. The mission is a collaboration between NASA and the European Space Agency. Portal origin URL: Emissions Could Add 15 Inches to 2100 Sea Level Rise, NASA-Led Study Finds ... Greenland and Antarctica’s ice sheets could together contribute more than 15 inches of global sea level rise by 2100. Problem Set Lessons in Sea-Level Rise. meter sea level rise should not be seen as an immediate concern. Scientists also know that the overall level of the sea has been rising around the world, and more in some places than others. Science Briefs The Great Ice Meltdown and Rising Seas: Lessons for Tomorrow. Complete the "Lessons in Sea-Level Rise" activity. Even NASA is concerned about some of its facilities that are located in low-lying areas. But before we get into that, let’s understand the main contributors to sea level rise: Let’s take a closer look at global sea levels. See NASA's JPL for access to full lesson plan and resources. "Sea level is continuing to rise and we can't stop measuring it," says Josh Willis, the mission's project scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. One recent estimate, covering 1955 through 2010 [Levitus et al., 2012], relied upon historical data and more modern readings from the World Ocean Database 2009, additional data from NOAA through 2010, and Argo data that became available in early 2011. The mission is a collaboration between NASA and the European Space Agency. By Vivien Gornitz — June 2012. When scientists refer to changes in sea level, they are referring to changes in the height of the mean sea surface relative to a mean sea level defined by the earth’s geoid. The mission is a collaboration between NASA and the European Space Agency. It does this for the entire Earth every 10 days, studying how global sea level is changing over time. Explore standards-aligned lessons from NASA-JPL in science, technology, engineering and math for students for grades K-12. Since 1880, the global sea level has risen 8 inches; by 2100, it is projected to rise another 1 to 4 feet. Projected global climate model (GCM) changes through time are joined to the observed historical data. This website, presented by NASA’s Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission, provides students and educators with resources to learn about These are all great questions! In this lesson, students will conduct labs investigate the drivers of climate change, including adding carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, sea level rise, and the effect of decreasing sea ice on temperatures. What do you still need clarification on from within your resource? Credit - NASA. Some of the Argo data had been corrected by Argo quality-control teams, although uncorrected data also were used. In fact, in some areas, such as the west coast of the US, sea level has actually dropped slightly … for now. The Jason-3 satellite uses radio waves and other instruments to measure the height of the ocean's surface – also known as sea level. The first graph tracks the change in sea level since 1993 as observed by satellites. How does it affect us? Sea Level Rise Hits Home at NASA. A study found that if greenhouse gas emissions continue at the current pace, sea levels could rise 15 inches by 2100. Document Resources. Ramp-up in Antarctic ice loss speeds sea level rise, Sea Ice Extent Sinks to Record Lows at Both Poles, These line graphs plot monthly deviations and overall trends in polar sea ice from 1979 to 2017 as measured by satellites. Sea level rise is not just an academic concern for NASA satellites and scientists. For over 20 years, satellite altimeters have measured the sea surface height of our ever-changing oceans. As accumulating atmospheric greenhouse gases lead to further climate warming, sea level rise will accelerate, endangering coastal communities by more frequent flooding, exacerbated beach erosion, and saltwater penetration into streams and aquifers. Find climate resources in the collection at the following link, which can be filtered by audience, topic, instructional strategy and more. The satellite, named in honor of NASA's Earth Science Divisions' former director, follows the 2016 launch of Jason-3, the most recent U.S.-European sea level observation satellite. As for historical data, we use sediment cores -- drillings into Earth that yield the oldest layers on the bottom and the youngest layers on top -- to examine where oceans once reached thousands of years ago. Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking, CC.5.G.2 Graph points on the coordinate plane to solve real-world and mathematical problems. MS-ESS2-4: Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth's systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity. In this IQuest, you will explore resources to help you learn about the Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite, the science behind sea level rise, and the STEM related careers of several of the scientists and engineers involved with this effort.This website, presented by NASA’s Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission, provides students and educators with resources to In this lesson, students will conduct labs investigate the drivers of climate change, including adding carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, sea level rise, and the effect of decreasing sea ice on temperatures. The basics of sea level rise, expressed in everyday terms, and what it means for those on the coast. All three contributors to sea level rise can be attributed to the warming of the Earth system. "Every year, every decade, we're remaking the climate and raising sea levels higher and higher." This "Teachable Moment" looks at the science behind sea-level rise and offers lessons and tools for teaching students about this important climate topic. Radar altimetry from orbit revolutionized global sea-level observations, capturing variations across most of the planet’s oceans every 10 days, as well as at other time intervals. MS-ESS3-5: Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century. Clearly, sea level rise is something that is already affecting people and will continue to do so. NASA is studying the Earth's ice and water to better understand how sea level rise might affect us all. For Langley, sea level rise concerns are compounded by area subsidence – a sinking of the landmass below the facilities. Science Briefs The Great Ice Meltdown and Rising Seas: Lessons for Tomorrow. In the meantime, we need to be prepared for the impact encroaching seas will have on our coastal communities and water supplies. This reviewed collection of NASA Earth and space science resources is for educators of all levels: K-12, higher education and informal science education. Figure 2: Combined observed (black line) and projected sea level rise for two future sea level rise scenarios. NASA Watches Sea Level Rise from Space, and its Centers' Windows › more sea level news. Dark blue shows the range of projections for the NPCC rapid ice-melt scenario while light blue shows the range of projections for the GCM-based sea level rise approach. Represent real world and mathematical problems by graphing points in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane, and interpret coordinate values of points in the. The graphs depict how much the sea ice concentration moved above or below the long-term average. Earth Headlines Editor’s Note—This article is one in a series about how NASA and other science institutions measure and monitor sea level rise. If we can control our contributions to the rise in greenhouse gases in Earth’s atmosphere, we can perhaps level out the warming of the Earth system and eventually stabilize our sea levels. When scientists refer to changes in sea level, they are referring to changes in the height of the mean sea surface relative to a mean sea level defined by the earth’s geoid. Emissions Could Add 15 Inches to 2100 Sea Level Rise, NASA-Led Study Finds. Watch this video for some illustrations of these facts: Also check out the Climate Time Machine for Sea Level to see what impact a 1 meter to 6-meter rise in sea level will have on the coastal US and other areas of the world. Earth’s surface may seem motionless most of the time, but an array of measurements show that natural and human-caused processes cause coastal land to rise and fall. When do we see the most change in sea level? • 2-ESS2-1. Each member within the group will become an expert on one of the resources below. (CNN) – NASA is launching a new satellite into space, that will monitor global sea levels. 3-LS4-3. In this lesson, students will. It does this for the entire Earth every 10 days, studying how global sea level is changing over time. "Every year, every decade, we're remaking the climate and raising sea levels … Looking at the average height of the sea across the planet, we see that in the last 25 years global sea level has been rising an average of 0.13 inches (3.3 mm) per year. For links to additional information about sea level change, visit the NASA Earthdata Sea Level Change Data Resources page. You may be asking yourself, how do we know sea levels are rising? Do I have to be concerned about it in my lifetime? Taking a Measure of Sea Level Rise: Land Motion. Melting sea ice, much like ice cubes melting in a drink, does not affect the level of the oceans. Alternately, print hard copies of the graphs for students to mark up and estimate using their graph-reading skills. Construct an argument with evidence that in a particular habitat some organisms can survive well, some This visualization shows total sea level change between 1992 and 2014, based on data collected from the TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1, and Jason-2 satellites. Newsletter Sign up for our Newsletter Get the latest information on sea level science, news, data, and newest features of the NASA Sea Level Web Portal. The mission is a collaboration between NASA and the European Space Agency. Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich is designed to monitor earth’s oceans. Together with our international and interagency partners, we’re monitoring the causes of sea level rise with high accuracy and precision. As human activity warms our planet, the ocean absorbs over 90 percent of the excess heat. More recent efforts, however, led to reports of closure for more extended periods, including a NOAA report covering 2005 to 2013 ("The Budget of Recent Global Sea Level Rise, 2005-2013," by Eric Leuliette). Early attempts did not achieve closure of the sea level budget for four-year trend lines [Willis et al., 2008, Chang et al., 2010], leading to concerns about possible instrument drift. Sea Level Rise Hits Home at NASA. Use information from several sources to provide evidence that Earth events can occur quickly or slowly. With two-thirds of its infrastructure and assets situated on the coast, the agency has first-hand experience with the effects of rising waters. Alex S. Gardner, research scientist and member of NASA's Sea Level Change Team. For ground-based geodetic stations like SLR and DORIS, the exact position of the station must be known. Recognize the far-reaching effects of global climate change. For the most accurate results, be sure students have access to the Internet. The color range for this visualization is -7 cm to +7 cm … They calculate amounts and rates of sea level rise for various time periods and answer questions discussing the data. The Jason-3 satellite uses radio waves and other instruments to measure the height of the ocean's surface – also known as sea level. (They do not plot total sea ice concentration.). Because preconceived notions may influence the perception of fact, be sure to have students do the math first, then attempt to draw scientific conclusions. The satellite, named in honor of NASA's Earth Science Divisions' former director, follows the 2016 launch of Jason-3, the most recent U.S.-European sea level observation satellite. The same logic can be applied to the sea level budget: When each factor that affects sea level is added together, this estimate should match the sea level that scientists observe. "Every year, every decade, we're remaking the climate and raising sea levels … Sea Level Rise NASA Resources for Grades 6- 8 6th through 8th grade NGSS related to Sea Level Rise: MS-LS2-3. Environment. At both locations, we have ice on land (“land ice”) and ice floating in the ocean (“sea ice”). Melting mountain glaciers - Glaciers are bodies of ice on land that are constantly moving, carving paths through mountains and rock. NASA Wavelength. (The authors say that temperature measurements from the floats, unlike salinity measurements, show few instances of data drift. Sea level rise is the increase of the average global sea level. NASA Studies All Aspects of Sea Level Rise. For Langley, sea level rise concerns are compounded by area subsidence – a sinking of the landmass below the facilities. It is, however, meant to assess the sensitivity of local sea level rise to melting of polar regions. Students will: Plan, carry out, and interpret results of a scientific investigation. Since 1992 NASA, NOAA and European partners have been tracking global ocean surface topography with joint ocean altimeter satellite missions from an orbit 1,336 km above the ocean surface. Well, a couple of ways. Blue regions are where sea level has gone down, and orange/red regions are where sea level has gone up. Compare multiple solutions designed to slow or prevent wind or water from changing the shape of the land. Warming temperatures cause mountain glaciers and polar ice caps to melt, thereby increasing the volume of water in the oceans. This reviewed collection of NASA Earth and space science resources is for educators of all levels: K-12, higher education and informal science education. Warming temperatures cause mountain glaciers and polar ice caps to … Step 3: Now the original group of four from Step 1 return together. With satellites, airborne missions, shipboard measurements, and supercomputers, NASA has been investigating sea level rise for decades. Published November 5, 2020. The Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite launched Saturday as the next generation of spacecraft keeping an eye on global sea level. GRACE measures changes in water mass, including terrestrial storage in the form of groundwater, rivers, snow and ice, and mass changes within the ocean itself, as well as the movement of water between land and ocean. How might change in the Hydrosphere affect changes in the other parts of the Earth System? Step 2:  After the five minutes is up, students fill out their square on the chart (on the PDF or Google Slide). Sea Surface Height. GRACE data provide important information about the amount of sea level rise caused by melting ice and changes in rainfall that add water to the oceans. NASA measures sea level around the globe using satellites. NORFOLK, Va. - NASA is launching a new satellite to help scientists better understand sea level rise. Our resources are organized around the Earth System Science phenomena that you teach. "Every year, every decade, we're remaking the climate and raising sea levels higher and higher." Monthly Deviation in Sea Ice Extent from 1979-2017, Data Collections: Earth System Data Explorer, Locating Data & Imagery for Student Investigations, Opening Datasets from MND Data Visualization Tool in Excel, Guide to Using NASA Worldview in the Classroom, Using NASA Earth Observations (NEO) in 10 Easy Steps, Instructional Strategies for the Earth Science Classroom, Student Activity Sheet Sea Level Rise (pdf). Besides wiping out dry land, encroaching salt water can pollute our fresh water supplies and damage fresh-water dependent ecosystems. CC.7.RP.2b Identify the constant of proportionality (unit rate) in tables, graphs, equations, diagrams, and verbal descriptions of proportional relationships. They then compare the sea level rise trends to those in a graph of temperature data. Places such as Miami are now experiencing regular flooding in downtown city streets at high tide. Analyze and interpret data from fossils to provide evidence of the organisms and the environments in which they lived long ago. Additionally, we have tide gauges on Earth to ground-truth (locally validate) our satellite measurements. Each member has two minutes to summarize what their resource group has discussed. This is because it can be affected by ocean currents and natural cycles, such as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, or PDO, a 20- to 30-year cyclical fluctuation in the Pacific Ocean’s surface temperature. The South Pacific island nation of Kiribati saw a 2.6 millimeter rise in sea level between 1992 and 2010. ... Students explore the effects of ice sheets on global sea level using NASA data. Students spend five minutes observing and analyzing the data with the expectation that they need to be able to explain the data's pattern and trends to their groups. The first measurements precise enough to track changes in global mean sea level began with the launch of the NASA-CNES TOPEX/Poseidon satellite in 1992 (CNES is the French space agency). Problem Set. Credit -. Article: "Warming Seas and Melting Ice Sheets", Article: "The Fingerprints of Sea Level Rise", Even NASA is concerned about some of its facilities that are located in low-lying areas, connect their observations to literature about sea level rise, draw conclusions about the impact of sea level rise. There are many reasons why the ocean surface is lumpy. Since 1880, global sea level has risen 20 centimeters (8 inches); by 2100, it is projected to rise another 30 to 122 centimeters (1 to 4 feet). This is accomplished through the use of the Terrestrial Reference Frame . As glaciers melt, the runoff flows into the oceans, raising their levels. The mission is a collaboration between NASA and the European Space Agency. Take a look at this video for some great visuals and further explanation of how phenomena such as the Gulf Stream affect local sea level heights. Precision measurements at NASA Langley show it is sinking 0.08 inches (2 millimeters) a year, which means its effective rate of sea level rise is … Much smaller rises in sea level, however, might well occur and in fact sea level appears to have risen approximately 0.2 meters over the past century. Visit our site to explore NASA resources that support these phenomena. Residents of China's Yellow River delta are swamped by sea level rise of more than 25 centimeters (9 inches) a year. MS-ESS3-3: Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment. Until now, however, the sea level budget has fallen short of the observed sea level rise. What was similar within resources? Simulations of sea-level rise and contribution from the cryosphere Simulate sea-level rise and how it is affected by changes in Earth's icy regions Model the evolution of sea level over the entire Earth, and understand the contribution of glaciers and polar ice caps to its rise or decline in a changing climate. ), Data Collections: Earth System Data Explorer, Locating Data & Imagery for Student Investigations, Opening Datasets from MND Data Visualization Tool in Excel, Guide to Using NASA Worldview in the Classroom, Using NASA Earth Observations (NEO) in 10 Easy Steps, Instructional Strategies for the Earth Science Classroom. The spacecrafts' radar altimeters measure the precise distance between the satellite and sea surface. Because of the PDO, right now the Eastern Pacific has higher sea levels than usual, while the Western Pacific has lower sea levels than usual. 2010]. HS-ESS2-4: Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate. Taking a Measure of Sea Level Rise: Land Motion. It’s not just freshwater rivers and lakes that are at risk – our aquifers, or natural underground water storage, are at risk of filling with salt water as the ocean encroaches on the land above them. Teacher tip: This activity can be performed as a demonstration or in student groups. Lesson: Sea Level Rise and King Tides Two of the important environmental issues of our time are how to slow the rate of climate change and how to protect and sustain the health of coastal ecosystems. Melting ice has already caused sea levels to rise by about 8 inches since 1880, and the trend is accelerating. This sequencing will provide them with independent data from which to make statements. However, if Internet access is not available for students, consider projecting one set of graphs for the whole class to consult and appointing one student to mouse over appropriate points. The mission is a collaboration between NASA and the European Space Agency. Students with the same resource come together to discuss what they learned. Precision measurements at NASA Langley show it is sinking 0.08 inches (2 millimeters) a year, which means its effective rate of sea level rise is … The deployment of floating sensors across the world’s oceans, known as the Argo project, reached a critical mass in 2007, with some 3,000 of the devices set adrift to measure temperature and salinity in the ocean’s upper 2,000 meters[Leuliette and Willis, 2011]. HS-ESS2-2: Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth's surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems. At the same time, our oceans are getting warmer and expanding in volume as a result of this heat (thermal expansion). Sea Level Rise NASA Resources for Grades Kindergarten to 2nd K to 2nd grade NGSS related to Sea Level Rise: • 2-ESS1-1. What was the most important part of the resource? With two-thirds of its infrastructure and assets situated on the coast, the agency has first-hand experience with the effects of rising waters. Melting polar ice caps - Think of our north and south polar regions. The Argo floats play critical roles in recent studies of trends in ocean heat content, which generally show increased warming over decades. It doesn’t mean that seas are higher by the same amount everywhere. This "Teachable Moment" looks at the science behind sea-level rise and offers lessons and tools for teaching students about this important climate topic. What was different? NASA Study Reveals Sea Levels Could Rise 15 Inches by 2100 NASA Study Reveals Sea Levels Could Rise 15 Inches by 2100. GRACE helps distinguish these from changes caused by thermal expansion of the water, which happens as oceans warm. Find the other stories here.. Just like forests can grow and shrink over time, so do glaciers, ice shelves, and ice sheets. NASA measures sea level around the globe using satellites. By Vivien Gornitz — June 2012. Students address following questions in the space for each resource. HS-ESS3-5: Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth's systems. As accumulating atmospheric greenhouse gases lead to further climate warming, sea level rise will accelerate, endangering coastal communities by more frequent flooding, exacerbated beach erosion, and saltwater penetration into streams and aquifers. 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